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Problemas de memoria
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What is the Alzheimer?

Alois Alzheimer

This disease was first described by Alois Alzheimer in 1906. From 1901, Alzheimer take care of a sick call Augusta D., entered at age 51 in Frankfurt Hospital with severe and progressive mental deterioration box including memory loss, disorientation, paranoia, hallucinations and delusions, and incoherent speech. When this patient died in 1906, his brain was sent to Alzheimer for study, giving rise to the first anatomic description of what happened to know, from the 1910 edition of the Manual of Psychiatry, Kraepelin, as "Alzheimer's disease". In their study, the association between Alzheimer showed that certain clinical description and a series of morphological changes in the cerebral cortex. In 1911, he described a second case, and in that same year, Fuller published the first review of 13 cases of the disease.

Alzheimer 's disease

Alzheimer's is a primary dementia, degenerative and progressive. Its origin is unknown but is known to affect brain cells, causing progressive death of neurons and, therefore, the patient loses the ability to perform the functions that depended on those dead neurons. This loss, is developing very slowly at the beginning of the disease way and, therefore , the first symptoms may go unnoticed for both the family and for the patients themselves . Over time, the disease progresses faster and are more evident the changes undergone by the person who is slowly losing the ability to go take care of itself.

Warning Signs

  • Memory loss that affects job skills.
  • Difficulty performing familiar tasks.
  • Language problems.
  • Disorientation in time and space.
  • Poor judgment.
  • Problems with abstract thinking.
  • Losing things or save them in the wrong places.
  • Changes in mood and behavior.
  • Changes in personality.
  • Loss of initiative

Diagnosis

When you detect any of the warning signs shall contrast deficits seen with other family members and consult with the doctor. Throughout the diagnostic process must observe the reactions and attitudes of patients and request information, advice and assistance. Sometimes it is the case that during a medical visit suspicious signals are detected and the doctor indicates the advisability of conducting a diagnostic study.

Early diagnosis is very important because it can detect and treat potentially reversible dementias; in the early stages of cognitive decline treatments are more effective, more delay the progression of the disease, the family can plan your life and your family Dementia.

The diagnosis of dementia has to be done by a specialist.

Phases

Mild stadium

The damage of the disease still goes unnoticed, both for the patient and family. The patient forgets little things, like where to put the keys, or have any trouble finding a word. At this stage you can still work or drive a car, although you may begin to experience lack of spontaneity or initiative and show certain depressive signs. The trial is reduced capacity and has difficulty solving new situations and organizing activities. Signs of apathy and isolation and mood changes may occur.

Moderate Stadium

The disease is already evident for family and close people. The patient has difficulty performing tasks such as shopping, follow a television program, or plan a dinner. It is no longer only a memory leak, but also of understanding and reasoning ability. At this stage, the deterioration progresses fairly quickly and those affected may be lost in familiar places. Also, they are visibly apathetic and depressed.

Grave Stadium

All areas related to cognitive function of the patient are affected. Lost the ability to speak properly or disconnected phrases repeated over and over again. They cannot recognize family members and friends; They not even recognize themselves in a mirror. Disorientation is constant. A more severe patients they forget walking and sitting and generally lose control of their bodily functions. They forget the recent and remote events. They remain motionless hours without activity and normally they cannot walk. Longer autonomous individuals and need to be fed and taken care of. Shout, cry or laugh for no reason and do not understand when spoken to. In its most severe stage stiffness and flexion contractures appear, remain in silence and could contain swallowing disorders

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